Overcoming the barriers to the development of the European Alternative Fuels market

This public report on the current limitations of the development of the European alternative fuels market for the road transport sector serves as a baseline for recommendations to the European Commission and other policy making bodies. The research was conducted by members of the COLHD project, involving some of Europe’s top universities, SMEs and engineering organisations to find alternatives to using fossil fuels in Heavy-duty Vehicles.

Alternative fuel solutions to reducing Carbon Emissions

COLHD (Commercial Vehicles using Optimised Liquid Biofuels and HVO Drivetrains) is a research and innovation project on the use of liquid biofuels in commercial vehicles, such as LBM (Liquid Bio-Methane), LBP (Liquid Bio-Propane) and HVO (Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil), including the development of optimised biofuel blends, fuel storage systems and engine drivetrains.

The overall objective of the project is to develop, demonstrate and optimise liquid biofuel blends, powertrain concepts and fuel storage, reducing the use of fossil fuels. The engines will be designed to run on optimised blends of both fossil fuels, mainly Autogas (LPG) and LNG (Liquid Natural Gas), and non-fossil renewable biofuels, with the objective of progressively increasing the share of biofuels throughout the evolution of the market.

96.6% of current road transport relies on fossil diesel to run. This accounts for almost 20% of the total emissions in Europe. Despite the various solutions available, there is a lack of European infrastructure in Europe and commercial freight vehicles need testing and optimising to support alternative fuel blends.

Reducing road transport emissions

The COLHD consortium, of industrial and academic leading players, has joined forces to commonly address the need to prove feasible and environmental-friendly cases of alternative fuels to fossil diesel for road freight transport.

The COLHD Project has


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